DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.8279432

Quale inconscio per quale politica? Note sui modi di intendere un concetto multiforme

by Fabio Molinari

The aim of this paper is to show how the unconscious has been thought before, within and beyond psychoanalytical theories and how these different ways of think-ing the unconscious lead to different political effects. Through examples ranging from the modern philosophical thought, Freudian theory and cognitive sciences, it is possible to discover the fact itself that the unconscious is theoretically determined is more important than its mere statement. By means of lexical and conceptual changes, the unconscious mutates its deeper meaning depending on the theoretical framework within which it is analysed; on the one hand some philosophical ac-counts represent the unconscious in a metaphysical manner as a substance under-lying consciousness and reality. On the other hand psychoanalysis introduces the essential category of repression, favouring the relational character of the uncon-scious. Finally, the processual character of the cognitive unconscious mainly deals with perceptual mechanisms, envisioning this concept as an adaptive tool. Their comparative analysis allows us to grasp how certain regulative ideas about social ac-tion can be drawn from these concepts.

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Molinari, Quale inconscio